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The ancient natives of Ohio, the Mound Builders, created over 6,000 burial mounds that can still be found throughout the state. It is believed that Frenchman Rene-Robert Cavelier was the first white man to see the region in 1670. However, the first permanent settlement wasn't established until 1788 in Marietta.
Ohio became the 17th state on March 1, 1803 and the state’s population and prosperity quickly grew. Cincinnati became an important river port with the invention of the steamboat and the completion of the Erie Canal provided a shipping route to the Atlantic Ocean.
The state is one of the industrial leaders in the nation and ranks third in the employment of the manufacturing industry nationwide. The state produces rubber, jet engines, autos and auto parts, steel, glass and much more. Along with several crops, dairy farming and livestock contribute to the economy. And, tourism is very valuable revenue totaling over $30 billion annually.
Ohio has a rich history in the space program; it has three NASA Explorer Schools and has been home to 38 of the nations astronauts. NASA's Glenn Research Center is located in Cleveland and many of the state’s universities and businesses have also contributed to the future of space exploration.
In 1869, the Cincinnati Red Stockings became the first professional baseball team and later the city got the first ambulance service and the first professional fire department. Akron police were the first to use cars in their departments. Cleveland was the first city to get electricity in 1879 and in 1914 the city got the first traffic light.
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