Alabama Homeland Security and Emergency Services Resources

When the first Spanish explorers arrived in Alabama in the early 1500's, it was home to the Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee and Creek Indians. However, in the early 1800's, the Indian's were forced to surrender their land and were removed to what is now Oklahoma.

In 1819, Alabama entered the Union and became the 22nd state. Like most other southern states, Alabama was predominantly an agriculture state. Among other crops, the states main source of agriculture is tobacco and cotton. Today, the state manufactures everything from paper, rubber and plastics, to metals and automobiles.

Alabama's constitution was adopted in 1901 and consists of an elected governor, a 35 member senate and a house of representatives totaling 105 members. The Democratic party dominated the state's politics until 1986, when Harold Guy Hunt became the first Republican governor in over a century. Since then, both Democrats and Republicans have alternated control of the states governorship.

In June of 2003, the state became the first in the nation to create a Cabinet-level Department of Homeland Security. The department is fully staffed and organized in a manner that mirrors the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. The department works very closely with the public in maintaining the safety of lives and property.

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